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Because ovulatory cycles may begin within 1-2 months after transplantation in women with well functioning grafts, all women of childbearing age should be aware of the possibility and risks of pregnancy after transplantation.

Pregnancy is not typically recommended within the first year after a transplant because the risk of rejection is the greatest and immunosuppressive therapy is the most aggressive. It should, however, be planned when organ function and immunosuppressive therapy are stabilized and there is no sign of rejection, hypertension or chronic infection.

If you are considering becoming pregnant, it is important to discuss potential risks with your transplant team.

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